Parental Alienation Syndrome or Parental Alienation (“PA”) is a very tricky problem in modern day families and has become a rising issue in divorce matters. It is a grave concern for many Courts around the world in custody or contact disputes. Although there is no legal specificity on it, it was coined by psychiatrist in the 1980’s known as Richard Gardner
Commercial debtors and creditors (veteran and inexperienced) are generally aware of the Golden Rule when it comes to debt collection. It is a very old yet deadly rule; it would appear, however, that creditors and debtors alike appear to have limited understanding of this rule in the practical sphere.
The legislative framework surrounding the removal of Directors from a Company is governed by Section 71 of the Companies Act, 71 of 2008 (“the Act”). However, removing Directors can also be catered for in the Memorandum of Incorporation of the Company or its Rules.
It is an age-old practice for people to establish comfortable working relationships with others for commercial reasons. Benefits such as ease of business transactions, trust, and compatibility are just some of the many benefits that derive from such relations
From a business perspective, restraints of trade (“Restraint”)) are useful tools to protect business interests, goodwill, and promote fair competition. The succinct purpose of a Restraint is to protect an Employer’s “trade secrets, goodwill and business connections.